Across the world, governments, universities, research centers and major companies are racing after new energy matrices.
Fossil fuels include oil and its by-products, mineral coal and natural gas, all formed by the decomposition of living organisms, and they all belong to an era that should already have ended.
Technologies supplied by alternative energy sources that are currently being implemented all over the world are solar thermal that generates heliothermic solar energy or concentrated thermal solar energy, photovoltaic, wind, hydro or hydroelectric, geothermal, wave, tidal, nuclear, geothermal and biomass energies.
These new energy sources, called clean and sustainable, reduce both costs and environmental impacts, are renewable and may be used to supply a residence, a small rural property, or even large plants.
All energy sources have advantages and disadvantages and each a different applicability, but there are large markets for all of them and they are growing rapidly.
In Brazil, the technologies most used are hydro or hydroelectric, wind, solar, biomass and wave energies.
As per translation requirements, like all technological innovations, these also depend heavily in highly specialized translations, offered by organizations that have provenly overcome the wide range of challenges presented by recent human history of research and development, which have resulted in major industries with a growing pace.