PERSIAN: MYSTERIES OF THE ANCIENT EMPIRE
Considered a pluricentric language—the reason why its grammar wouldn't only have influenced other languages, but also incorporated characteristics from others—Persian, or Parse (Farsi) is written today with a modified version of the Arabian alphabet, though it does not share the same structure.
Hence, the translation of Persian documents into any language requires discretion, knowledge of the language variants (old, middle, modern and classic) and of the cultural differences in each region.
The language belongs to the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages and alludes to the grandeur of the largest empire of the Ancient Orient, which stretched from the Mediterranean to India.
It is broadly spoken by more than 40 million people that live in Iran, Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
Diversity is one of the main characteristics of the language and it influences even the names it receives.
In Afghanistan, Persian in called Dari.
In Iran, in turn, the language is known as Farsi; and Tajik in Tajikistan—the language has an origin that reaches back to the Indo-European Aryans, who would have arrived to parts of Great Iran circa 2000-1500 BC. Amidst 550 BC, from the province of Fars, in Iran, Ancient Persians would have disseminated their tongue and culture to other parts of the Iranian highlands—a process that persisted in face of invasions by Greeks, Arabs, Mongols and Turkmens.
The known history of the language divides it into three peculiar phases.
Ancient Persian, for example, was written in cuneiform. Contrasting with Ancient Persian, whose spoken and written forms were dramatically different from one another, the written middle Persian reflected the oral use of the language. Thus, in the 2nd century BC, Persians created their own alphabet, known as Pahlavi, which remained in use until the Islamic conquest of the 7th century. Gradually, the language became modern Persian, which encompasses more than 1000-1200 years, with very few variations.
The Islamic conquest of Persia marked the beginning of a new history for the language, which was used as a Franc language over a great length of time in the oriental parts of the Islamic world in the Indian subcontinent—reason why the language was called classic Persian.
As per contemporary Persian, it received inflows from Arabic, Russian, French and English. Appreciated among the educated elite, particularly in regard to history, literature, mysticism and art, the language is made up by 32 letters, mostly consonants, in addition to three long vowels and three small symbols used as short vowels.
Phrases in Persian are formed in the standard subject+predicate+verb. Translation of Persian to any other language is a trial not only because of its different structure, but of how Persian is written, which varies from one region to another.
Despite few verbs—the number of verbs in use does not exceed 100—, in Iran and in Afghanistan, for instance, Persian is expressed with a variant of the Arabic alphabet.
In Tajikistan, Persian uses a derivation of the Cyrillic alphabet.
The Latin alphabet, nonetheless, is often used in on-line chats, forums, e-mails and SMS.
Apart from each country's mode of expression, many dialects are embodied to Persian in the inhabitants' everyday life, which renders the language even more difficult to be absorbed by non-speakers.
Thus, you should prioritize the quality of translations of your documents.
All Tasks, specialized in the translation of large-scale technical documentations, technical standards and technical manuals, maintains a highly qualified team to ensure the quality of translation project into Persian.